Aapravasi Ghat is the remains of an immigration depot in Port Louis. The island was the first British colony to receive an indentured, or contracted, labour workforce from India. From 1834 to 1920, half-a-million Indian indentured labourers passed through the immigration depot to work on the sugar plantations of Mauritius, or to be transported to plantations throughout the British Empire.
The large-scale migration of these labourers left a mark on the societies of many former British colonies, with Indians constituting a substantial proportion of their national populations. In Mauritius alone, about 70% of the current total population has Indian forebears. Aapravasi Ghat has thus become an important reference point in the history and cultural identity of Mauritius.