Madagascar is like no other place on Earth. The world’s fourth largest island, Madagascar was left isolated in the Indian Ocean off the coast of Mozambique when Gondwana, the prehistoric supercontinent, broke up about 180-million years ago. This isolation allowed the island’s prehistoric fauna and flora to evolve in their own unique way, and today 80% of the wildlife and 90% of the plants are endemic.
Perhaps the most familiar, and endearing, of Madagascar’s endemic creatures are the lemurs, one of the first primate families to evolve and one that is now restricted to Madagascar.
Although this thriving capital has caught up with modern times, it has retained its natural charms.
The Ankarana Reserve is a small plateau with elevations exceeding 1 220m, and limestone that is up to 150-million years old.
Ifaty is the ideal place to rest between lemur viewing and mountain hiking.
World Heritage Sites
The Tsingy de Bemaraha Strict Nature Reserve is located near the western coast of Madagascar in the Melaky region.
Ambohimanga, a hill topped by a traditional fortified royal city (rova), is located 24km to the north-east of Antananarivo.
The Rainforests of the Atsinanana is a World Heritage Site inscribed in 2007 and comprises six national parks in the eastern part of Madagascar: Marojejy National Park, Masoala National Park, Zahamena National Park, Ranomafana National Park, Andringitra National Park and Andohahela National Park.